What is Broadband?

Broadband refers to high-speed Internet access and advanced telecommunications services for homes, commercial establishments, government, schools, and community anchor institutions.  In New York State, broadband service is primarily delivered via cable modem, fiber-optic cable, digital subscriber line (DSL), or through mobile wireless (5G/4G LTE). In fact, many service providers use a combination of wireline and wireless technologies to provide hybrid broadband service to their customers.

Broadband services offered with the backing of the New NY Broadband Program provides internet access at speeds of 100 Megabits-per-second (Mbps) in most areas, and 25 Mbps in the most remote areas. More than 90% of all New NY Broadband Program funding was directed to high-speed, wireline broadband (FTTP or cable)

Wireline Technologies

  • Fiber to the Premise (FTTP) is an optimal broadband technology that can consistently deliver speeds of 1 Gigabit (1,000 Mbps) and higher.

  • Cable Modem uses coaxial cable to deliver broadband. Bandwidth is managed through shared connections.

  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) uses copper telephone lines to deliver broadband.

Wireless Technologies

  • Fixed Wireless / WiMax uses a combination of a fiber backbone and wireless towers to deliver broadband. Fixed wireless technologies can be quickly deployed at low costs with a wide reach.

  • Mobile Broadband is a combination of cellular and data service generally for use on mobile devices. Mobile broadband typically complements wireline connections, but some companies provide home broadband service delivered over mobile broadband networks.

  • Satellite delivers broadband through a two-way transmission of Internet data passed between a satellite and a dish placed at the home. Satellite technology utilizing broader portions of the electromagnetic spectrum can provide increased download speeds.

  • Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellite is similar to existing satellite internet service, however, these LEO satellites orbit the Earth at a lower altitude than previous generations of internet satellites, thereby providing lower latency times and generally faster upload and download speeds.